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Reprocess User License Assignments using Graph API and PowerShell

If you’ve followed along and are receptive to Microsoft best practices, you should be aware that using group based licensing in Azure AD is the go-to method for assigning licenses to your users in the cloud. I must say, group-based licensing is definitely much easier to manage but it does have some draw backs. I listed those in the article above, but today we’ll focus on learning how to reprocess user license assignments using Graph API and Powershell should an issue arise with conflicting licenses.

Requirements

Since this will utilize Graph API to drive these requests, you’ll need the following rights on the Service Principal or account that’s making the modification.

  • User.ReadWrite.All and Directory.ReadWrite.All Permissions
  • Azure AD P1/P2 is needed for Group Based Licensing

 

If you want to get started on learning how to use Microsoft Graph API, be sure to check out How To Connect To Microsoft Graph API Using PowerShell.

This should get you up and running with zero previous working knowledge.

Reprocess Users at the Group Level

Before we get started, I should preface this by saying that I am well aware that there is a way to reprocess the licenses at the group level. However, if you work in a large organization with tens of thousands of users in a group, this may take more time than what’s needed.
 

Also, in the event that you only need to reprocess a handful of users instead of the masses that are in the group, this would tend to make more sense.

Reprocess License by Group

Reprocessing done at the group level

 

Reprocess User License Assignments using Graph API and PowerShell

Now that we know how to connect to Graph API and opted to reprocess at the user level instead of the group level, let’s learn how to use Powershell so you can programmatically reprocess licenses on the user level.
 

This can be done using the Microsoft.Graph Powershell SDK module or calling the REST API directly.

Use the Microsoft.Graph Powershell SDK module

When using the Microsoft.Graph Powershell SDK you only need to use a single cmdlet.

Import-Module Microsoft.Graph.Users.Actions

Invoke-MgLicenseUser -UserId $userId

Use the REST API directly

If you want to call the REST API directly, you can simply do this.

Invoke-MgGraphRequest -Uri "https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/users/$userid/reprocessLicenseAssignment" -Method POST -ContentType application/json -Body "$null"

 

Since I’m a Powershell enthusiast and I love making scripts, I also wrote a wrapper before I knew the SDK command was available. So, in the spirit of sharing, I’ll post that code here.

Function Invoke-MsGraphReprocessLicenseAssignment {
<#
.SYNOPSIS
    Reprocess a user's license assignment using Graph Api


.NOTES
    Name: Invoke-MsGraphReprocessLicenseAssignment
    Author: Paul Contreras
    Version: 1.0
    DateCreated: 2021-Jan-20


.EXAMPLE
    Invoke-MsGraphReprocessLicenseAssignment -UserId [email protected]

.LINK
    https://thesysadminchannel.com/reprocess-user-license-assignments-using-graph-api-and-powershell/ -

#>

    [CmdletBinding(
        SupportsShouldProcess,
        ConfirmImpact='Medium'
    )]
    param(
        [Parameter(
            Mandatory = $true,
            ValueFromPipeline = $true,
            ValueFromPipelineByPropertyName = $true
        )]
        [Alias('UserPrincipalName')]
        [string[]]  $UserId
    )

    BEGIN {}

    PROCESS {
        foreach ($User in $UserId) {
            try {
                $GraphUser = Get-MgUser -UserId $User | select -ExpandProperty Id

                if ($PSCmdlet.ShouldProcess("Reprocessing license assignments for: $User") ) {
                    $Reprocess = Invoke-MgGraphRequest -Uri "https://graph.microsoft.com/v1.0/users/$GraphUser/reprocessLicenseAssignment" -Method POST -ContentType application/json -Body "$null" -ErrorAction Stop

                    [PSCustomObject]@{
                        Id                = $Reprocess['id']
                        DisplayName       = $Reprocess['displayName']
                        UserPrincipalName = $Reprocess['userPrincipalName']
                        JobTitle          = $Reprocess['jobTitle']
                    }
                }

            } catch {
                Write-Error $_.Exception.Message

            }
        }
    }

    END {}
}

Conclusion

Hopefully this article was able to clearly show you how to reprocess user license assignments using Graph API and PowerShell. It’s been a great help to be able to reprocess users on a individual level without having to shake the bucket for thousands of users when it’s not needed.

5/5 - (4 votes)

Paul

Hi, my name is Paul and I am a Sysadmin who enjoys working on various technologies from Microsoft, VMWare, Cisco and many others. Join me as I document my trials and tribulations of the daily grind of System Administration.

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